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Archive for June, 2010

Congregational Prayer in the Mosque

June 12, 2010 Leave a comment
Name riyaz  –
Title Congregational Prayer in the Mosque
Question Dear Scholar, Assalamu alaykum If the distance of the mosque is such that one can hear the azan is it fardh to perform the salah at the mosque ?
Date 8/19/2004
Mufti A Group of Islamic Researchers

Wa `alaykum As-Salamu wa Rahmatullahi wa Barakatuh.

In the Name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful.

All praise and thanks are due to Allah, and peace and blessings be upon His Messenger.

Dear brother in Islam, thanks for your question, which emanates from a God-fearing heart, since it shows your commitment to Prayer, the cornerstone of Islam. We’d would like to commend your pursuit of Islamic counseling. Allah Almighty says, “The true believers are those who hear the advice and act upon the best of it.” (Az-Zumar: 18)

Every Muslim is required to perform prayer at its appointed time and in congregation to the best of his ability. Actually, we don’t know what do you exactly mean by ‘if the distance of the mosque is such that one can hear the Azan.’ Do you mean that the Mosque is very far to the extent that you can’t go or even you can go with difficulty? You did not also mention whether there are nearby Mosques in your area of residence or not.

What we want to stress here is that every committed Muslim should try his best to perform prayers at their appointed times, and in congregation.

As for the legal status of jama`ah (congregational) prayer, we would like to cite for you what the late Sheikh Sayyed Sabiq (may Allah bless his soul) says in his well-known book, Fiqh As-Sunnah:

“Performing Prayer in congregation is sunnah mu’akkadah (confirmed sunnah). Many hadiths discuss the virtue and importance of performing prayer in congregation. Here are some of them:

Ibn `Umar quoted the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) as saying: “The reward of prayer performed in congregation outweighs that of the one performed individually by twenty-seven degrees.” (Reported by Al-Bukhari and Muslim)

Abu Hurayrah quoted the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) as saying: “The prayer of a man in congregation is twenty-five times more superior (in reward) to his prayer in his house or the market – and this is because he makes the wudu’ (ablution) and perfects it, and goes to the mosque with the sole intention of performing prayer. He does not take a step without being exalted in degree and having one of his sins forgiven. When he prays, as long as his wudu’ is still valid, the angels continue to pray [for him]: ‘O Allah, bless him. O Allah, bestow mercy on

him.’ He is considered as if he is performing prayer as long as he is waiting for it.” (Reported by Al-Bukhari and Muslim)

Abu Hurayrah also reported that a blind man said to the Prophet, “O Messenger of Allah, I have no one to guide me to the mosque.” He asked the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) for permission to pray in his house, and the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) gave it to him. Then, when he turned to go, the Prophet called him and asked, “Do you hear the adhan (call to prayer)?” The blind man said, “Yes.” The Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) then said, “Then respond to it [by coming to the mosque]!” (Reported by Muslim)”

Thus, the view believed to be the most correct is that prayer in congregation is not obligatory, yet it is confirmed sunnah. However, it is a great loss for one to leave the congregational prayer in the mosque where one receives the great reward of 27 degrees and opts for performing prayer at home. And we should take the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) as an example. He never missed even a single congregational prayer. Even in his sickness, it was strenuous for him to walk; nonetheless, with the aid of two of his Companions he came (while his honorable feet were dragging on the ground) to the mosque and he prayed with the congregation.

Once the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) felt constrained to say:“I intend to tell the mu’adhin (caller to prayer) to say Allahu Akbar (Allah is the Greatest) and ask someone to lead the prayer while I myself set to burn the houses of those who fail to attend the congregational prayer.” (Reported by Al-Bukhari & Muslim)

Here, the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) greatly condemned the act of those who do not attend the congregational prayer at the mosque, even though they perform it at home. One should ponder over this and take this as a warning against showing reluctance to attend the congregational prayer at the mosque.

Those who do not attend the congregational prayer in the mosque for silly reasons should know that the accursed Shaytan (Satan) tries to keep them away from prayer using all possible means to accomplish his goal. He first persuades them to neglect prayer in congregation, then to neglect tasbih (saying subhannallah, al-hamdulillah, and allahu-akbar each 33 times after each prayer along with other supplications), finally to neglect prayer all together.

How can they allow themselves to lose the reward of 27 degrees, sufficing with one degree only!! Have they reached a state that they are in no need of hasanat (good deeds) from Allah?

One can miss jama`ah prayer in the masjid for good reasons such as heavy rains, illness, sheer darkness and the like, but not for being a little bit tired or busy. A Muslim is supposed to rush to the Masjid whenever he hears the adhan.”

Source:islamonline.net

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Gossiping about Politicians

June 6, 2010 Leave a comment
Name
Title Gossiping about Politicians
Question Dear Scholar, Assalamu Alaikum Gossiping about a third person without his knowledge is backbiting but we see people gossiping about politicians ,professionals such as doctors etc. wont these also fall into the category of backbiting ?
Date 6/23/2004
Mufti Sheikh Abdel Khaliq Hasan Ash-Shareef

Wa `alaykum As-Salamu wa Rahmatullahi wa Barakatuh.

In the Name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful.

All praise and thanks are due to Allah, and peace and blessings be upon His Messenger.

Dear questioner, thank you very much for having confidence in us, and we hope our efforts, which are purely for Allah’s Sake, meet your expectations.

In the first place, we would like to stress that gossiping means passing on to others what you hear from someone in such a manner that will cause dissension among people, sour their relationships, or increase already-existing bitterness between them.

From the very early Makkah period of revelation, the Qur’an condemned this trait saying, ‘And do not obey any despicable man, ready with oaths, a slanderer, going among the people with calumnies.’ (Al-Qalam: 10-11)

The Prophet (peace and blessings be upon on him) said, ‘The one who spreads gossip which he has overheard will not enter the Garden.’ (Reported by Al-Bukhari and Muslim.), and, ‘The most evil among Allah’s servants are those who go about spreading gossip dividing those who love each other and desiring to defame those who are innocent.’ (Reported by Ahmad)

Responding to the question, the eminent Muslim scholar, Sheikh `Abdel Khaliq Hasan Ash-Shareef, the renowned Da`iyah, states the following:

“I would like first to stress that generalization, as far as the issue in point is concerned, is a blameworthy act. However, if a certain person (say a politician) or a doctor is known for wrongdoings, then it is not a kind of gossip or backbiting if one mentions that wrong doing so as to let people know about it and hence be cautious.

In addition, what one says should be subject to analysis, and different opinions analyzing that speech is not a form of backbiting. However, there should be a pure intention behind analyzing such and such speech, and it should be for a religiously acceptable cause.”

Source:islamonline.net

Traveling to Practice Da`wah

June 3, 2010 Leave a comment
Name riyaz  –
Title Traveling to Practice Da`wah
Question Dear Scholar, Assalamu alaykum What is the ruling regarding going out to different parts of the world for specific number of days like 40 days or 4 months to call muslim brothers to perfect the duties of islam ?
Date 9/15/2004
Mufti Dr. Sano Koutoub Moustapha

Wa `alaykum As-Salamu wa Rahmatullahi wa Barakatuh.

In the Name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful.

All praise and thanks are due to Allah, and peace and blessings be upon His Messenger.

Dear questioner, we would like to thank you for the great confidence you place in us, and we implore Allah Almighty to help us serve His cause and render our work for His Sake.

In Islam, practicing da`wah or Islamic call is not limited to a certain time or geographical area. Everyone of us can be a good practicing da`iyah in his own work, community, school, company without incurring the burden of traveling abroad for 4 months or less while neglecting his marital duties and parting from his family.

Responding to the question, Dr. Sano Koutoub Moustapha, professor of Fiqh and its Principles, International Islamic University, Malaysia, states the following:

“Thank you for your question. There is no doubt that all Muslims are invited to practice da`wah at the level of their best. Da`wah is a duty of every single Muslim. However, there is no harm of going out to different parts of the world for the sake da`wah with condition that one should not neglect his or her other obligations such as taking care of family, educating kids and spouses, looking after family in particular. Thus, all these activities are considered as da`wah. In other words, one should not abandon his family and travel for days under the name of da`wah. He should know that looking after family is another form of obligatory da`wah. This is said in the Qur’an (66:6). Therefore, for those who wish to go out to perform da`wah they have to make sure that they are not neglecting their marital duties nor they are giving less attention to the needs of their spouses.

Certainly, their spouses must agree on this. Meaning, if they are married they must bring along with their wives because 4 months are too long to be away from wives unless if the wives themselves accepted it without forcing them to accept. All in all, we should adhere to the teachings and the practices of the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) while making da`wah. In these teachings, there is nothing calling upon Muslims to abandon their worldly duties for the sake da`wah but they have to practise da`wah in their daily lives. Meaning, da`wah should always be a part of whatever they are doing. It is unfortunate to learn that many of Muslims neglect their marital obligations and relations with their spouses by going out for days and months in the name of da`wah.

Islam doesn’t recommend such an attitude and behavior. Islam stands firm for the rights of family, wife and kids and it does also call upon all Muslims to start their da`wah from within before going out. This is said in the Qur’an (26:214).

Source:islamonline.net