Home > Islam Question and Answers > “THE EVIL EYE IS REAL” PROTECTION AND REMEDIES

“THE EVIL EYE IS REAL” PROTECTION AND REMEDIES

The evil eye refers to when one person harms another by means of the eye.

Ibn Al-Qayyim said: The origin of the evil eye is liking something, then the evil soul follows it, pursues it and seeks to do harm to it, seeking help to apply its poison by looking at the object. Zad Al-Mi’ad by Ibn Al-Qayyim, 4/167

Ibn Manzur said: It is said “So-and-so was struck by the evil eye” if an enemy or an envious person looks at him and he is affected by that and becomes sick as a result. Lisan Al-‘Arab by Ibn Manzur, 13/301

Al-Hafiz ibn Hajar said: What is meant by the evil eye is looking at something with admiration contaminated with envy from one who is evil in nature so it results in harm. Fath Al-Bari, by Ibn Hajar, 10/200.

Evidence for the existence of the evil eye from the Qur’an and Sunnah

1 – Evidence from the Qur’an

The Verse in Sura Yusuf:

(And he said: ‘O my sons! Do not enter by one gate, but enter by different gates, and I cannot avail you against Allah at all. Verily, the decision rests only with Allah. In Him, I put my trust and let all those that trust, put their trust in Him.) (Yusuf12:67)

The majority of Mufassirin are agreed that the brothers of Yusuf were handsome and good looking, and Ya’qub feared that the people might affect them with the evil eye, for the evil eye is something real. Tafsir Ibn Kathir —Al-Tabari – Al-Qurtubi – Al-Alusi – Al-Suyuti — Al-Fakhr Al-Razi.

The passage in which Allah says:

“And verily, those who disbelieve would almost make you slip with their eyes (through hatred) when they hear the Reminder (the Qur’an), and they say:

“Verily, he (Muhammad) is a madman!” But it is nothing else than a Reminder to all the ‘Alamin (mankind, jinn and all that exists).) (Al-Qalam 68:51-52)

Ibn ‘Abbas, Mujahid and others said: “Make you slip with their eyes” means, they will put the evil eye on you. This Verse is evidence that the effect and impact of the evil eye is something real and happens by Allah’s will.  ‘

2 – Evidence from the Sunnah

It was narrated that Abu Hurayrah (RA) said: The Messenger of Allah (Peace and Blessing upon Him) said:

“The evil eye is real,” and he forbade tattoos.

It was narrated from ‘Aishah (RA) that the Prophet (Peace and Blessing upon Him) said:

“Seek refuge with Allah from the evil eye, for the evil eye is real.”

It was narrated that Ibn ‘Abbas (RA) said: The Messenger of Allah (Peace and Blessing upon Him) said:

“The evil eye is real and if anything were to overtake the divine decree, the evil eye would do so. If you are asked to wash (to treat someone for the effects of the evil eye) then do so.”

Imam Al-Nawawi (may Allah have mercy on him) said: This Hadith affirms that both the divine decree and the evil eye are real; it is powerful, but neither the evil eye nor anything else can cause harm or do any good or any bad except by the decree of Allah.

It was narrated that Asma bint ‘Umays said: “O Messenger of Allah, the sons of Ja’far are smitten with the evil eye; should I recite Ruqyah for them?”

He said:

“Yes, for if anything were to overtake the divine decree, it would be the evil eye.”

It was narrated that Abu Dharr said: The Messenger of Allah (Peace and Blessing upon Him) said:

“The evil eye may follow a man by Allah’s Leave, until he climbs up a high mountain then falls from it.”

It was narrated that Ibn ‘Abbas (RA) said: The Messenger of Allah (Peace and Blessing upon Him) said:

“The evil eye is real and can bring down a person from a high mountain.”^

What is meant here is that the evil eye follows a person by Allah’s will, until it causes him to fall from a high mountain. Musnad Ahmad; Al-Tabarani; Al-Hakim in Al-Mustadrak. Al-Albani (may Allah have mercy on him) said: It is Hasan

It was narrated that Jabir ibn ‘Abdullah said: The Messenger of Allah (Peace and Blessing upon Him) said:

“Most of those who die of my Ummah, after the will and decree of Allah, will die because of the evil eye.” Narrated by Al-Bukhari in Al-Tarikh, and by Al-Bazzar. Shaykh Al-Albani said: a Hadith Hasan – Sahih Al-Jami’, 1217

It was narrated that Jabir (RA) said: The Messenger of Allah (Peace and Blessing upon Him) said:

“The evil eye will put a man into his grave and a camel into the cooking pot.” Hilyat Al-Awliya’ by Abu Na’im. Shaykh Al-Albani (may Allah have mercy on him) said: It is a Hasan Hadith – Al-Silsilah Al-Sahihah, 1250.

Imam Ahmad, Al-Nasa i, and Ibn Majah narrated, in a report that was classed as Sahih by Ibn Hibban, that Abu Umamah Sahl ibn Hanif said: Abu Sahl ibn Hanif did Ghusl in Al-Kharar (Al-Kharar: it is said that this was a well in Madinah, or one of its valleys). He took off his cloak, and ‘Amir ibn Rabi’ah was looking at him. Sahl was very white, with beautiful skin. ‘Amir said: “I have never seen anything (as beautiful) as this, not even the skin of a virgin.” And Sahl fell to the ground and became very sick. The Messenger of Allah (Peace and Blessing upon Him) was told about his sickness, and it was said to him: “He cannot raise his head.” He said:

“Do you accuse anyone with regard to him?”

They said, “‘Amir ibn Rabi’ah.” The Messenger of Allah (Peace and Blessing upon Him) called him and rebuked him strongly, then he said:

“Why would one of you kill his brother? Why did you not pray for blessing for him? Wash yourself for him.” So ‘Amir washed his face, hands, forearms, knees and the sides of his feet, and inside his Izar (lower garment) in a vessel, then it was poured over him from behind, and Sahl recovered straight away.  Muwatta’ Malik, 2/938.

The evil eye is real

From the evidence quoted above from the Qur’an and Sunnah, it is clear that the evil eye is real and that its effects are proven and do exist. It can follow a man until it makes him fall from a high mountain, and if it is able to overpower a healthy man it can kill him and put him in his grave, and if it overpowers a camel, it will fall and be injured, and its owner will slaughter it and cook it in a pot. So the evil eye is real and its effects are real. It may kill, or it may affect the spot or the things that the envier likes in the body of the person affected, or in himself or his possessions. This is the view of the scholars of this Ummah, such as Malik, Al-Shafi’i, Ahmad and others.

The difference between the evil eye and envy

The word Hasid (envier) is more general in meaning than the word ‘Ain (one who puts the evil eye on another), hence in Sura Al-Falaq mention is made of seeking refuge with Allah from the evil of the one who envies.

The Hasid (envier) is an envious man whose envy is accompanied by resentment, so he wishes that the blessing be taken away, whereas the ‘A’in (the one who puts the evil eye on another) simply likes a thing. Hence the evil eye may come from a righteous man or woman, and a man may put the evil eye on his own wealth, child or family without realizing it. But the evil eye and envy have the same effect, which is causing harm to the thing that is liked or envied.

Envy (Hasad)

Envy (Hasad) means resenting the blessings of Allah that are enjoyed by the one who is envied, and wishing that it be taken away. In other words, the envier wishes that the blessing be taken away from the one whom he envies, whether the blessing comes to him or not.

So the envier resents the blessing of Allah and wishes that it be taken away, and he may even make efforts to take it away.

Evidence for the existence of envy

Allah says:

(Many of the people of the Scripture (Jews and Christians) wish that if they could turn you away as disbelievers after you have believed, out of envy from their ownselves, even after the truth (that Muhammad is Allah’s Messenger) has become manifest unto them.) (Al-Baqarah 2:109)

And Allah says:

(Or do they envy men (Muhammad and his followers) for what Allah has given them of His Bounty? Then, We had already given the family of Ibrahim the Book and Al-Hikmah (As-Sunnah – Divine Revelation to those Prophets not written in the form of a book), and conferred upon them a great kingdom.) (Al-Nisa 4:54)

And He says:

(And from the evil of the envier when he envies.) (Al-Falaq 113:5)

Evidence from the Sunnah

Al-Tirmidhi narrated that the freed slave of Al-Zubayr (RA) said: The Messenger of Allah (Peace and Blessing upon Him) said:

“The disease of the nations who came before you has started to spread among you: jealousy and hatred. This is the ‘shaver’ (destroyer); I do not say that it shaves hair, but that it shaves (destroys) faith. By the One in Whose Hand is my soul, you will not enter Paradise until you believe, and you will not believe until you love one another. Shall I not tell you of that which will strengthen love between you? Spread (the greeting of) Salam amongst yourselves.”

It was narrated that Abu Hurayrah (RA) said: The Messenger of Allah (Peace and Blessing upon Him) said:

“My Ummah will be stricken with the disease of the other nations.” They said: “What is the disease of the other nations?” He (Peace and Blessing upon Him) said:

“Insolence, arrogance, accumulation (of wealth), competition in worldly gains, mutual hatred and envy, until there will be wrongdoing and then killing.”

Characteristics of the envier – so that they may be avoided

The issue of the evil eye includes all people, even those who are righteous if they do not pay attention to it, whereas envy is limited to certain people. Hence the envious person has certain characteristics by which he may be distinguished, such as the way he looks and smiles, the expression on his face, and the way he speaks. All of that points to what is in his heart. Whatever a person conceals in his heart will inevitably show on his face and through slips of the tongue, in the way he looks and smiles, and in all his movements and expressions.

By His wisdom, Allah has made man’s face a mirror which reflects the thoughts that are hidden in his mind and heart. The effects of sickness are seen in the sick man’s face, and the sorrow of one who is grieving and depressed shows on his face, and the good health of one who is sound is reflected on his face. If a person is happy and content, his hidden thoughts show on his face and through slips of the tongue. If a believer is true and sincere in his faith and humble before the Most Merciful, and reads the Qur’an frequently, that joy and light will show on his face; his nature will be humble and kind, and his speech will be polite and noble. The opposite is also true: the effects of an evildoer’s immoral actions and sin will be reflected in his face and in slips of the tongue, even if he outwardly resembles those who are righteous.

By the same token, the envier who resents the good things that people have and wishes that the blessings of Allah be taken away, is sick at heart and lacking in faith. No matter how much he tries to conceal what he feels inwardly, he will soon let out the envy that he feels.

What are the characteristics of the envier?

1 – The envier is always angry at the decrees of Allah.

2 – The envier always complains and rarely thanks Allah even if he owns the whole world.

3 – He follows up the mistakes of the one whom he envies, and tries to seek out his faults, and exposes them and exaggerates about them before others.

4 – He conceals or ignores or belittles the good qualities and distinguishing characteristics of the person whom he envies.

5 – So you will notice that the envier cannot speak in front of the one whom he envies without addressing him in a laughing, jocular manner, but deep down he is filled with hatred and resentment that is clear from the way in which he looks at him.

6 – He clearly criticizes the one whom he envies, with or without evidence.

7 – He looks for opportunities and makes the most of any chance to harm the one whom he envies in himself or his wealth.

8 – Finally, the envier is a troubled man, due to the resentment that is always festering in his heart, so depression and dullness show on his face.

Treatments Against the Evil Eye

There are many preventative measures and treatments in Islam that a person can adopt to safeguard themselves against the evil eye. The main one is the remembrance of Allah (dhikr) and the reading of the Qur’aan.

Any person engaged in these acts is less likely to be affected by the evil eye, destructive envy (hasud) and other kinds of harm from the devils of humankind and the jinn. Others forms of treatment include dua’s, invocations and Rukya:

The Prophet (pbuh) used to seek refuge with Allaah for himself by reciting Surat Al-Fatiha, Ayat Al-Kursi (surah 2:255), Surat An-Nas and Surat Al-Falaq.

Other dua’s narrated from the Prophet (pbuh) are:

  • “A’oodhu bi kalimaat Allaah al-taammaati min sharri maa khalaq

(I seek refuge in the perfect words of Allaah from the evil of that which He has created).” (Muslim, 4881)

  • A’oodhu bi kalimaat Allaah al-taammah min kulli shaytaanin wa haammah wa min kulli ‘aynin laammah

(I seek refuge in the perfect words of Allaah, from every devil and every poisonous reptile, and from every bad eye) ( Bukhari, 3120).

  • “Bismillaahi arqeeka min kulli shay’in yu’dheeka, min sharri kulli nafsin aw ‘aynin haasid Allaahu yashfeek, bismillaahi arqeek

(In the name of Allaah I perform ruqya for you, from everything that is harming you, from the evil of every soul or envious eye may Allah heal you, in the name of Allah I perform ruqya for you).” (Muslim, 4056)

The Prophet (pbuh) also instructed the use of rukya to anyone who was under the influence of the evil eye as Aisha (RA) narrated: “The Messenger of Allaah (pbuh) commanded me, or he commanded (the people) to use ruqya to deal with the evil eye.” (Bukhari, 5297).

Rukya is reciting any of the above verses and blowing on the afflicted person.

Aisha (RA) also narrated another treatment for the evil eye, “The man who cast the evil eye would be commanded to do wudoo (ablution)’, and then the man who was affected would wash himself with (the water).” (Abu Dawud, 3382 & 3282)

To prevent anyone from unintentionally casting an evil eye through praise, it is recommended to say ‘Ma sha’a Allah wa la Kuwata illa Billah’

(Whatever Allah wishes and there is no Power except with Allah).

AllhumdulilahForEverything

Advertisements
  1. No comments yet.
  1. No trackbacks yet.

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s

%d bloggers like this: